Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database

In 2018, private investment commitments in energy, transport, information and communication technologies (ICT) backbone, and water infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries totaled US$90.0 billion across 335 projects in 41 countries. Although a slight decline of three percent compared to 2017 levels, the total investment for 2018 still shows a recovery from the 10-year low of US$71.0 billion in 2016. percent lower than the 10-year H1 average investment level.

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Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database

The distribution of new project investments shifted in favor of low-carbon—prior to 2010, distribution was even (852 conventional versus 899 low-carbon), but after 2010, the number of new low-carbon PPI projects (1,915) was more than double that of conventional ones (815).

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Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database

The Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Project Database has data on over 6,400 infrastructure projects in 139 low- and middle-income countries. The database is the leading source of PPI trends in the developing world, covering projects in the energy, telecommunications, transport, and water and sewerage sectors.

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Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database

Current levels of institutional investor activity in new infrastructure deals are quite low at only 0.7% of total private participation in infrastructure investment in EMDEs. From 2011 to the first half of 2017, 41 projects received institutional investor contribution.

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    Latest! Annual PPI Database Global Report, 2018

    In 2018, private investment commitments in energy, transport, information and communication technologies (ICT) backbone, and water infrastructure in low- and middle-income countries totaled US$90.0 billion across 335 projects in 41 countries. Although a slight decline of three percent compared to 2017 levels, the total investment for 2018 still shows a recovery from the 10-year low of US$71.0 billion in 2016.
    Download PDF(5.20MB)

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    Disentangling public and private contributions

    The report looks at data from state-owned enterprise and public projects and compares it to data on private participation in infrastructure.

    Download PDF

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    PPI Database Sector Notes, 2017

    Each year we analyze the PPI data based on current themes. For 2017, we decided to take a closer look at how each of the sectors have fared in attracting private investments. Click on sector to read more on that sector.

    Energy | Transport | Water and Sewerage | ICT Backbone

    BlogWhich sectors have attracted most private investments in infrastructure in 2017?


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    PPI Database Global Report, H1 2018

    PPI investment in H1 2018, which stood at US$43.5 billion across 164 projects, marked an increase of seven percent from H1 2017 levels, but it is still 13 percent lower than the 10-year H1 average investment level.

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    BlogSubtle but significant changes to private infrastructure investment in first half of 2018

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    Annual PPI Database Global Report, 2017

    Investment commitments involving private participation in low and middle-income countries for energy, transport and water infrastructure totaled US$93.3 billion across 305 projects in 2017. While this is a 37 percent increase over 2016 level, it is still the second-lowest level of investment in the past 10 years and is 15 percent lower than the averages of the past five years.

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    BlogNew data reveals uptick in private investment in 2017 in EMDEs


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    PPI investment in IDA countries, 2013-2017

    PPI investments in IDA countries (i.e. countries with less than per capita income of US$1,165) totaled US$7.9 billion across 35 projects in 17 countries in 2017, compared to US$2.9 billion in 2016 across 18 projects in 10 countries.

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    BlogNew report on private capital for infrastructure in the poorest countries: 2017 a stellar year

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    Contribution of Institutional Investors to PPI Investment, 2011-H1 2017

    Current levels of institutional investor activity in new infrastructure deals are quite low at only 0.7% of total private participation in infrastructure investment in EMDEs. From 2011 to the first half of 2017, 41 projects received institutional investor contribution.

    Download PDF

    Blog:  Behold the White Knights! Institutional Investor Contribution to EMDE Private Infrastructure Investments at financial close


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    PPI Investment in Low Carbon Infrastructure (2002-H1 2017)

    After 2010, favorable government policies led to a surge of low-carbon projects. The percentage of low-carbon projects receiving government support grew from 3% before 2010 to 51% afterwards. The distribution of new project investments shifted in favor of low-carbon—prior to 2010, distribution was even, but after 2010, the number of new low-carbon PPI projects (1,915) was more than double that of conventional ones (815).

    BlogLow-carbon infrastructure: an essential solution to climate change?

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    Publications using PPI database now available under "Resources"

    Over 85 publications draw their analyses from the PPI Database and these have been categorized by sector, region, and themes. With the click of a button, a vast resource of information on infrastructure investments is now accessible to all.

    Blog: PPI Database users leave their mark on the resources section

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    Energy Sector Note – 2017

    PPI investment in energy in 2017 marked a 11-percent increase over 2016 levels. In 2017, investments in energy stood at US$51.9 billion across 203 projects, compared to US$46.8 billion across 183 projects in 2016

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    Transport Sector Note – 2017

    In 2017, PPI transport investments almost doubled, and now accounts for a third of total PPI investments. US$36.5 billion was invested in 66 transport projects in 2017, compared to US$18.9 billion invested in 2016. Although the energy sector continued to be the predominant sector, transport investments accounted for a higher proportion of overall investments in 2017 compared to previous years—transport PPI investments accounted for more than a third (39 percent) of total investments in 2017 across all four sectors (energy, water, transport and information and communication technologies (ICT)), compared to only about a quarter (24 percent) in 2016

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    Water-and-Sewerage-Sector Note – 2017

    Declining water and sewerage investments in 2017. The 2017 sectoral investment level at US$1.9 billion across 30 projects, not only represents a slight decline (seven percent) com¬pared to the 2016 levels but is also 55 percent lower than the five-year average of US$4.2 bil¬lion. In 2017, water and sewerage was the only sector to report a decline in investment levels

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    ICT Backbone Sector – 2017

    Considerably higher investment in ICT-backbone1 in 2017. In 2017, PPI investment in ICT-backbone projects reached US$3.0 billion across six projects. This is six times the 2016 investment level of US$462 million and twice the previous 10-year average of US$1.3 billion. The PPI investment commitment in the ICT-backbone sector in 2017 accounted for 3.2 percent of the total PPI investment, compared to 1.3 percent over the past 10 years.

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    Energy Sector Note – 2015

    Total investment in energy projects with private participation in 2015 in low- and middle-income countries was US$37.6 billion, 50 percent below the five-year average of US$74.7 billion.

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    Transport Sector Note – 2015

    Total investment in transport projects with private participation in emerging countries in 2015 was US$69.9 billion, 53 percent above the five-year average of US$45.6 billion.

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    Water Sector Note – 2015

    In 2015, total investment in water projects in developing countries was US$4.1 billion, 8% higher than the five-year average of US$3.8 billion (2010-2014).

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    Contribution of Institutional Investors to PPI Investment, 2011-H12017

    Infrastructure development is a critical factor for a country’s long-term growth and economic development.Well-designed and efficiently implemented investments in infrastructure can promote economic growth and improve access to basic services that boost quality of life.

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    Investment in IDA countries, 2013-2017

    2017 was a stellar year for PPI investments in IDA countries. Private participation in infrastructure (PPI) investments1 in IDA countries totaled US$7.9 billion across 35 projects in 17 countries in 2017, compared to US$2.9 billion in 2016 across 18 projects in 10 countries. IDA countries accounted for 8.5 percent of total PPI investment in 2017, up from 4.3 percent in 2016.

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    Effects of multilateral support on infrastructure PPP contract cancellation

    A growing body of quantitative research on public-private partnership (PPP)

    performance, particularly for long-term infrastructure contracts, attends to factors

    that influence the level of investments in PPP and PPP performance over time.

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    PPI Investment in Low Carbon Infrastructure (2002-H1 2017)

    After 2010, favorable government policies led to a surge of low-carbon projects. The percentage of low-carbon projects receiving government support grew from 3% before 2010 to 51% afterwards. The distribution of new project investments shifted in favor of low-carbon—prior to 2010, distribution was even, but after 2010, the number of new low-carbon PPI projects (1,915) was more than double that of conventional ones (815).

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    Publications using PPI database now available under "Resources"

    Over 85 publications draw their analyses from the PPI Database and these have been categorized by sector, region, and themes. With the click of a button, a vast resource of information on infrastructure investments is now accessible to all.

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    Sources of Financing for PPPs in 2015

    Access the data on how PPPs in low and middle income countries were financed in 2015, with information on public and private financing withbreakdowns by region and sector. 

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    PPI in IDA Countries, 2011 to 2015

    During 2011-2015, PPI investments amounted to $27 billion across 143 projects concentrated in 24 out of the 56 IDA countries

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    PPI in IDA Countries, 2009 to 2014

    Private investment in infrastructure in IDA countries from 2009 to 2014 totaled US$73 billion.

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Private Participation in Infrastructure (PPI) Database